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BR 13.0

The locomotives of type S3 were the express train steam engines in Prussian at the end of 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1890 and 1891 the directions of Hannover and Erfurt had built by experiment two 2'B compound locomotives. These steam engines were entering service as type S2. In 1892 August von Borries designed a new 2'B locomotive with the boiler of the Erfurt steam engine and the driving and carrying axles of the Hannover steam engine. In spite of the length of the turntables of 16 meter, there was no reason to lengthened the locomotive. The Hannover bogie had an axle layout of 1900 millimeter, and was enlarged from 2000 millimeter to 2200 millimeter. In essence this bogie is used until the end of the steam era.

Of the Prussian S3 were built 1027 steam engines until 1904. All these steam engines had as maintenance facilities the Prussian-Hessian depots. The steam engines were capable to pull a train of 200 ton with a speed of 90 km/h, and to pull a train of 165 ton on a hilly track of 1:200 with a speed of 70 km/h. The locomotives were economical with coals and were running very quiet at 90 km/h.

After the first world war, 100 steam engines were going to the Polish and Lithuanian railways as series Pd 1. The S3 was used in Poland till the fourties. Also the Reichseisenbahn Elsaß-Lothringen got 41 steam engines S3 and the Oldenburg State Railway got 6 steam engines S3.

The DRG took over 27 steam engines S3 and gave them the numbers 13 002 up to 13 028. The number 13 001 was a transformed S2 who was built in 1892 by Schwartzkopff.

Axle layout: 2'B n2v
In service: 1892-1904
Diameter driving wheels: 198 cm
Diameter carrying wheels: 100 cm/-

Lengte over de buffers
(met tender pr. 2'2'T21,5):
17,561 m
Top speed: 100 km/h
Boiler pressure: 12 bar
Vaporize surface: 117,70 m2
Weight: 50,5 t