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BR 01.0-2

After the war 171 steam engines BR 01 were going to the DB and 70 steam engines BR 01 were going to the DR in the former DDR. These steam engines were all the BR 01 locomotives ever built plus the "prototype" steam engines BR 02 which were at that time already rebuilt and renumbered to the series BR 01. In western Germany the 01 038, 053, 145, 155, 201 and 238 were set aside due to damage caused by the war. In the former DDR the steam engines 01 026, 030, 035, 110 and 214 were set aside.

The DB replaced the smoke deflectors by "Witte" smoke deflectors and moved the pump to the center of the locomotive. From 1950 the DB equiped five locomotives BR 01, the 01 042, 046, 112, 154 and 192 with different heating installations and different smoke boxes.

The BR 01 as typical epoch III steam locomotive with small smoke deflectors
The BR 01 as typical epoch III steam locomotive with small smoke deflectors
The 65 steam engines in western Germany remained all in service until 1957 and were maintained at the AW Braunschweig and Frankfurt-Neid. Important maintenance facilities from where the steam engines were in service were the Bw Frankfurt (Main) 1, Hamm P, Hannover Ost (later Hbf), Köln Betriebsbf, Treuchtlingen and Bw Würzburg. Bw Osnabrück Hbf became during the fifties also an important maintenance facility for BR 01 steam engines. In Dortmund Bbf, the BR 01 was a long time standing in the shadow of the BR 03.10. From 1958 the BR 01 steam engines became more important in Dortmund, also because of the BR 03.10 steam engines pushed aside the BR 01 locomotives from Hagen-Eckesey.

After the war the steam engines from Hof had lost their services on the railway lines heading to the north. In 1957 the Bw Hof got 10 steam engines BR 01 in maintenance, and when the Bavarian S 3/6 was taken out of service more and more BR 01 steam engines were going to Hof. In 1955 the BR 01 disappeared from the Bw Nürnberg Hbf, but in 1957 the steam engines came back to Bw Nürnberg Hbf. The Bw Braunschweig Hbf had until 1948 the task to provide the trains from Helmstedt to Berlin from locomotives, these trains were the so-called "inter-zone-zuge".

At the beginning of the fifties the BR 01 steam engines made impressive long runs, for example on one day Aken-Hamburg Altona (524 km), Mannheim-Arnhem (421 km) or Frankfurt (Main)-München (414 km). In some runs the steam engines were running more that 800 km on one day. From 1957 only the steam engines with damage were taken out of service. Steam engine 01 001 was taken out of service in the spring of 1959. In 1958 all locomotives which were built after 1934, thus from number 01 102, got new built boilers.

After completed all renovation and rebuilt activities and after taken out a couple of locomotives, at the end of 1961 the Aw Frankfurt Nied maintained 50 steam engines BR 01 with new boilers, besides these locomotives the Aw Frankfurt Nied maintained also 106 steam engines BR 01 with old boilers. The next years there were more and more locomotives BR 01 taken out of service. Until 1965/66 many BR 01 steam engines disappeared from the well known steam centers like Hamm, Hannover Hbf, Köln Bbf, Würzburg and Treuchtlingen. The steam engines which left over - both with new and old boilers - were going to maintenance facilities which had until then maintained locomotives like the P8 and P10 and many other former state railway locomotives. Among these facilities were Dillenburg, Gießen, Kaiserslautern, Mühldorf and Trier. Also a couple of steam engines BR 01 were going the facilities which had early maintained BR 01 locomotives like Bremen Hbf, Köln-Deutzerfeld, Ludwigshafen and Paderborn. More and more these locomotives were running lower graded passenger trains. You couldn't find hardly any BR 01 steam engine in the high graded long-distance trains at the end of epoch III.

BR 001 steam locomotive after the renumbering
BR 001 steam locomotive after the renumbering
In May 1967 many steam engines BR 01 with old boilers were set aside. Only 36 locomotives with old boilers remained in service and were renumbered as well as the locomotives with new boilers in the new UIC numbering scheme from 1968. The locomotives were classified in the series BR 001 and indicated as 001. At the end of 1968 the locomotives BR 01 had as maintenance facilities Braunschweig, Augsburg, Ehrang and Hof. Because of a shortage of diesel locomotives between November 1969 and January 1972, a couple of BR 01 locomotives were in service in passenger and express trains on the line along the river Moezel between Trier and Koblenz. On 31 December 1969 only 31 steam engines BR 001 were in service at the DB.

From mid 1972 all seven remaining locomotives with old boilers (01 008, 088, 111, 150, 168, 173, 202) were stationed in Hof. Most of these locomotives were in service in the express trains between Bamberg and Lichtenfels. Eight locomotives with new boilers were mainly in service in passenger trains on the route to Regensburg. Still four locomotives with old boilers survived the locomotives with new boilers. But these locomotives were only running local trains between Hof and Regensburg in the summer of 1973. The last steam engine 001 which was taken out of service at the DB was the 001 111 in March 1974.

The steam engine BR 01 005 is preserved, and is standing at the railway museum of Dresden. The steam engine is returned to it's original state.

Axle layout: 2'C1'h2
In service: 1925-1938
Diameter driving wheels: 85 cm,
vanaf de vierde serie 1 meter

Lengte over de buffers
(met tender 2'2'T32):
23,94 meter
(001-012: 23,75 meter)
Top speed: 120 km/h,
vanaf de vierde serie 130 km/h
Power: 1647 kW/2240 pk/hp
Boiler pressure: 16 bar
Vaporize surface: 247,15 m2
Cylinder diameter: 65 cm,
vanaf de derde serie 60 cm
Maximum axle load: 19,90 t
Weight (without tender): 108,9 t (001-101),
111,3 t (102-232)